Montegrappa, in Bassano del Grappa, in Northern Italy, was started by Heinrich Helm and Alessandra Marzottao. The company has been in existance since 1912. The initial focus of the company was to produce gold fountain pen nibs and ebonite and precious metals. Most the the pens first produced were made for other companies.
During the first World War the Montegrappa factory actually increased its producftion as a means of making pens for the armed forces. Now famous Italian Red Cross ambulance drivers included Ernest Hemingway and John Dos Passos who visited the factory and tested various pens.
In 1921 the Marzotto family purchased the controlling interest of the company.
Montegrappa had been known for the production ofr celluloid pens. A fire in the factory, during the Second World War destroyed much of the materials used including records and celluloid on hand.
The company was acquired by the Richmont Group in 2000. But, in a away returning to some of its heritage, Montegrappa changed hands again in 2009 with the sale to the Aquila Family.
I had the pleasure to visit Giuseppe Aquila in September 2009 and wrote about that visit here.
James Richardson has put together an impressive web site devoted to this history of modern Montegrappa regular editions pens.